Teacher: Rusty Kennedy
- Stages of Investigation:
2) Questioning - Interrogation
John tells the Jews from Jerusalem who he is
John 1:19-28 - 19 This is John’s testimony when the Jews from Jerusalem sent priests and Levites (Sanhedrin) to ask him, “Who are you?”
20 He did not refuse to answer, but he declared: “I am not the Messiah.”
21 “What then?” they asked him. “Are you Elijah?”
“I am not,” he said.
“Are you the Prophet?”
“No,” he answered.
22 “Who are you, then?” they asked. “We need to give an answer to those who sent us. What can you tell us about yourself?”
23 He said, “I am a voice of one crying out in the wilderness: Make straight the way of the Lord —just as Isaiah the prophet said.”
24 Now they had been sent from the Pharisees. 25 So they asked him, “Why then do you baptize if you aren’t the Messiah, or Elijah, or the Prophet?”
26 “I baptize with water,” John answered them. “Someone stands among you, but you don’t know Him. 27 He is the One coming after me, whose sandal strap I’m not worthy to untie.”
28 All this happened in Bethany across the Jordan, where John was baptizing.
John identifies Jesus as the Messiah
John 1:29-34 - 29 The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him and said, “Here is the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! 30 This is the One I told you about: ‘After me comes a man who has surpassed me, because He existed before me.’ 31 I didn’t know Him, but I came baptizing with water so He might be revealed to Israel.”
32 And John testified, “I watched the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and He rested on Him. 33 I didn’t know Him, but He who sent me to baptize with water told me, ‘The One you see the Spirit descending and resting on—He is the One who baptizes with the Holy Spirit.’ 34 I have seen and testified that He is the Son of God!”
Jesus calls his first disciples
- John 1:35-51 – Andrew & John
35 Again the next day, John was standing with two of his disciples. 36 When he saw Jesus passing by, he said, “Look! The Lamb of God!”
37 The two disciples (Andrew & John who doesn’t mention his own name) heard him say this and followed Jesus. 38 When Jesus turned and noticed them following Him, He asked them, “What are you looking for?”
They said to Him, “Rabbi” (which means “Teacher”), “where are You staying?” (Will you be our Rabbi?)
- Jewish education was made up of three primary sections:
- Bet Safar
- Bet Talmud
- Bet Midrash
- It is a time taught in the synagogue by the Rabbi.
- During this time, good Jewish boys memorized Torah - Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy - memorized by the age of ten!
Bet Talmud - Progressing on from Bet Safar, it continues from the age of 10 on to 14.
- During this time, the student would continue his memorization of the Psalms, prophets, and the rest of the Hebrew Scriptures (the Old Testament).
- It wasn't uncommon in that day for a good Jewish boy to have the Old Testament memorized by the age of fourteen.
- The student would also during this time begin to learn the art of questions and answers.
- In our western civilization today, we are into information transfer, but in those days, answering a question wasn't quite as direct.
- A rabbi might ask a student what is two plus two?
- Today, we would spout off the answer of four.
- But back then when a Rabbi would ask what two plus two was, a student might answer with, "What is the square root of sixteen?"
- This not only told the Rabbi that the student heard and understood the question, but was able to process it and respond with a question of his own.
Bet Midrash – Past age 14
Each Rabbi would have their own interpretation of how to live out the Torah.
- Rabbis would take on the best of the best as students.
- The purpose:
- Ate, drink, lived with their teacher.
- Disciples memorized the words of their Rabbi
- It wasn’t just about learning what they ‘knew’ but learning how to be like them… to think, act, and do like them.
- There are stories of disciples following their Rabbi into the bathroom!
- The disciples Jesus was pursuing had already returned to their father’s trade.
39 “Come and you’ll see,” He replied. So they went and saw where He was staying, and they stayed with Him that day. It was about 10 in the morning. (or 10 hours after 6 AM being 4 PM)
40 Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, was one of the two who heard John and followed Him. 41 He first found his own brother Simon and told him, “We have found the Messiah!” (which means “Anointed One”), 42 and he brought Simon to Jesus.
When Jesus saw him, He said, “You are Simon, son of John. You will be called Cephas” (which means “Rock”).
43 The next day He decided to leave for Galilee. Jesus found Philip and told him, “Follow Me!”
44 Now Philip was from Bethsaida, the hometown of Andrew and Peter. 45 Philip found Nathanael and told him, “We have found the One Moses wrote about in the Law (and so did the prophets ): Jesus the son of Joseph, from Nazareth!”
46 “Can anything good come out of Nazareth?” Nathanael asked him.
“Come and see,” Philip answered.
47 Then Jesus saw Nathanael coming toward Him and said about him, “Here is a true Israelite; no deceit is in him.”
- In reference to Jacob, he was an Israelite who deceived his father, Isaac to steal the birthright of Esau.
48 “How do you know me?” Nathanael asked.
“Before Philip called you, when you were under the fig tree, I saw you,” Jesus answered.
- Jewish tradition was that students sat under specific trees to study… that being fig trees.
- Jesus even referred to the person Philip was thinking about.
- He not only told him where he had been but what he was thinking.
Genesis 28:10-12 - 10 Jacob left Beer-sheba and went toward Haran. 11 He reached a certain place and spent the night there because the sun had set. He took one of the stones from the place, put it there at his head, and lay down in that place. 12 And he dreamed: A stairway was set on the ground with its top reaching heaven, and God’s angels were going up and down on it.
49 “Rabbi,” Nathanael replied, “You are the Son of God! You are the King of Israel!”
50 Jesus responded to him, “Do you believe only because I told you I saw you under the fig tree? You will see greater things than this.” 51 Then He said, “I assure you: You will see heaven opened and the angels of God ascending and descending on the Son of Man.”
- Nathanael was going to see greater things than Jesus just reading his mind.
 The Holy Bible: Holman Christian standard version. (2009). (Jn 1:19–34). Nashville: Holman Bible Publishers.
 The Holy Bible: Holman Christian standard version. (2009). (Ge 28:10–12). Nashville: Holman Bible Publishers.
 The Holy Bible: Holman Christian standard version. (2009). (Jn 1:35–51). Nashville: Holman Bible Publishers.