Teacher: Rusty Kennedy
Series: 1 Timothy
- Timothy sends word to Paul in Colosse that the Ephesian church is being ravaged by false teachers.
- “There is also a problem with respect to how the widows are being cared for in the church.
- Some of the widows have adopted the heresy, and others have family members who are able to care for them. Still worse, some of the younger widows who decided not to remarry are acting promiscuously.
1 Timothy 5
1 Do not rebuke an older man, but exhort him as a father, younger men as brothers, 2 older women as mothers, and with all propriety, the younger women as sisters.
- Much of what Paul advised here involved action based on sensible maturity.
- Timothy was obviously much younger than many in the church at that time.
- Don’t be afraid to have a bold conversation with older men. Be honest and sensitive to them.
- Be kind in your conversations.
- Speak with respect to others.
- Speak without emotion.
- Even a child is wise in how they speak to their parents. When and how...
3 Support widows who are genuinely widows.
- A woman whose husband has died and who has no male relative (e.g., a father, brother or son) to support her.
- The other qualifier is one who displayed fruit of the Spirit rather than selfish pleasures.
- God’s special care for the widows is a recurring theme in Scripture (Deut., Ps., Is., & Mal.).
- It was only right that the local church show compassion to these women who were in need.
- This is a Spirit-led act
- This is repayment for your own raising
- This pleases God
- It is not so much about specific disciplines as much as it is living out of their true identity.
- Those living by the Spirit vs those living by their flesh.
- This puts the believer/leader in judgment over people.
- Self-indulgent = spiritually dead.
- The sense of urgent importance in Paul’s words suggests that widows were causing some of the problems in Ephesus.
- Is there anything worse than an unbeliever?
- Yes! Those who refuse to provide for their family.
- Even unbelievers support their family members.
- This is still within the guidelines of walking by the Spirit or walking in the flesh.
- These are a result of the fruit of the Spirit.
- Older women that probably would not remarry and were recognized as serving in the church.
- Marriage statement was the same one associated with elders and deacons in chapter 3.
- Original pledge – First love being Jesus.
- They are pursuing sensual desires more than spiritual desires. (flesh vs spirit).
- Idleness vs serving in the church.
- Entitlement – expectations of the church.
- Some who had pledged a commitment to widowhood were not living as the true widow of vv. 5, 9–10.
- They had abandoned their trust in God.
- “accuse us” – The church will be judged by society.
- Judgement many times comes falsely
- Most the time out of guilt.
- Make the other person look just as bad or worse than you.
17 The elders who are good leaders should be considered worthy of an ample honorarium, especially those who work hard at preaching and teaching.
- Elders were a permanent feature of Jewish synagogues. It would have been natural for churches to adopt this office into their congregational government.
- Paul’s practice was to use elders in organizing the churches he founded, not only in Jewish regions but also in Gentile territory (e.g., Acts 14:23).
- Jews would easily have understood this system of organization.
- Gentiles, who knew that local governments were controlled by officials who resembled elders, would not find Paul’s system strange or totally unacceptable.
Do not muzzle an ox
while it is treading out the grain, and,
the worker is worthy of his wages.
- Matthew 10:10 - 10 “Don’t take a traveling bag for the road, or an extra shirt, sandals, or a walking stick, for the worker is worthy of his food.” 
- Hearsay… not good…
- Facebook… not good…
- One person’s testimony may be skewed by a bad experience.
- Know what is actually being taught
- Those who continue to sin… a chance for correction and repentance?
- You put the Gospel in jeopardy with society if you waiver on the Truth.
- Medicinal purposes
- Genuine character, like cream, always rises to the top.
- These words represent a warning against hasty rejection.
Paul giving clarity to Timothy in organization, leadership, procedures and house cleaning.
 Lea, T. D., & Griffin, H. P. (1992). 1, 2 Timothy, Titus (Vol. 34, p. 145). Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers.
 Barry, J. D., Mangum, D., Brown, D. R., Heiser, M. S., Custis, M., Ritzema, E., … Bomar, D. (2012, 2016). Faithlife Study Bible (1 Ti 5:3). Bellingham, WA: Lexham Press.
 Wiersbe, W. W. (1996). The Bible exposition commentary (Vol. 2, p. 229). Wheaton, IL: Victor Books.
 Lea, T. D., & Griffin, H. P. (1992). 1, 2 Timothy, Titus (Vol. 34, p. 148). Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers.
 Lea, T. D., & Griffin, H. P. (1992). 1, 2 Timothy, Titus (Vol. 34, pp. 152–153). Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers.
 Lea, T. D., & Griffin, H. P. (1992). 1, 2 Timothy, Titus (Vol. 34, pp. 154–155). Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers.
 Lea, T. D., & Griffin, H. P. (1992). 1, 2 Timothy, Titus (Vol. 34, p. 155). Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers.
 The Holy Bible: Holman Christian standard version. (2009). (Mt 10:10). Nashville: Holman Bible Publishers.
 The Holy Bible: Holman Christian standard version. (2009). (1 Ti 5). Nashville: Holman Bible Publishers.
 Lea, T. D., & Griffin, H. P. (1992). 1, 2 Timothy, Titus (Vol. 34, p. 159). Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers.