Teacher: Rusty Kennedy
Matthew 1:1-17; 4:1-11
Luke 3:23 - 4:13
The 4 Gospels make up 46% of the New Testament
- A.T. Robertson’s Book – “A Harmony of the Gospels”
- Thomas & Gundry – “A Harmony of the Gospels”
Portrays Jesus as: King of Jews
Portrays Jesus as: The Servant of Jehovah
Portrays Jesus as: The Son of Man
Portrays Jesus as: Jesus, the Son of God
Genealogies of Jesus
If the genealogies in Matthew & Luke are combined, we find the following: Jesus is the Son of David (Matthew 1:1) and therefore able to sit as King on David’s throne, the Son of Abraham (Matthew 1:1) and therefore a Jew, the Son of Adam (Luke 3:38) and therefore a man, the Son of God (Luke 3:38) and therefore God.
This fulfills the Abrahamic Covenant and the Davidic Covenant.
Matthew 1:11 - and Josiah fathered Jechoniah and his brothers at the time of the exile to Babylon.
Jeremiah 22:24-30 - 24 “As I live,” says the Lord, “though you, Coniah pson of Jehoiakim, the king of Judah, were a signet ring on My right hand, I would tear you from it. 25 In fact, I will hand you over to those you dread, who want to take your life, to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and the Chaldeans. 26 I will hurl you and the mother who gave birth to you into another land, where neither of you were born, and there you will both die. 27 They will never return to the land they long to return to.”
28 Is this man Coniah a despised, shattered pot, a jar no one wants? Why are he and his descendants hurled out and cast into a land they have not known? 29 Earth, earth, earth, hear the word of the Lord!
30 This is what the Lord says: Record this man as childless, a man who will not be successful in his lifetime. None of his descendants will succeed in sitting on the throne of David or ruling again in Judah.
- Therefore, Matthew records Jesus’ lineage through Joseph to prove that if he is Joseph’s son, he could never be the Messiah.
Isaiah 7:14 - Therefore, the Lord Himself will give you a sign: The virgin will conceive, have a son, and name him Immanuel.
Luke 3:23-38 – Mary’s lineage
Jeconiah of Matthew 1:11 is nowhere to be found in this lineage.
- Mary was a descendant of David through Nathan (Luke 3:31), not Solomon (as was the case with Joseph in Matthew 1:6).
- Once again proving prophecy that the Messiah would not come through Jeconiah.
Luke 4:1-13 – Jesus tempted 40 days in the
- Once Jesus was identified as the Messiah, he was led away to be tempted. (As we are).
- 1 John 2:15-17 - Do not love the world or the things that belong to the world. If anyone loves the world, love for the Father is not in him. 16 For everything that belongs to the world—the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride in one’s lifestyle—is not from the Father, but is from the world. 17 And the world with its lust is passing away, but the one who does God’s will remains forever.
- Hebrews 4:15 - For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but One who has been tested in every way as we are, yet without sin.
1 Then Jesus returned from the Jordan, full of the Holy Spirit, and was led by the Spirit in the wilderness 2 for 40 days to be tempted by the Devil. He ate nothing during those days, and when they were over, He was hungry. 3 The Devil said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, tell this stone to become bread.”
- Rock to bread – Lust of the flesh – Use His own power instead of His Father’s
4 But Jesus answered him, “It is written: Man must not live on bread alone.”
- Deuteronomy 8:3 - 3 He humbled you by letting you go hungry; then He gave you manna to eat, which you and your fathers had not known, so that you might learn that man does not live on bread alone but on every word that comes from the mouth of the Lord.
5 So he took Him up and showed Him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time. 6 The Devil said to Him, “I will give You their splendor and all this authority, because it has been given over to me, and I can give it to anyone I want. 7 If You, then, will worship me, all will be Yours.”
- Rule over World – Lust of the eyes – Choose His own will or His Father’s (easier than the cross)
8 And Jesus answered him, “It is written: Worship the Lord your God, and serve Him only.”
- Deuteronomy 6:13-14 - Fear Yahweh your God, worship Him, and take your oaths in His name. 14 Do not follow other gods, the gods of the peoples around you, 15 for the Lord your God, who is among you, is a jealous God.
9 So he took Him to Jerusalem, had Him stand on the pinnacle of the temple, and said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, throw Yourself down from here. 10 For it is written: He will give His angels orders concerning you, to protect you, r11 and they will support you with their hands, so that you will not strike your foot against a stone.” (Psalm 91:12)
- Throw yourself down – Pride of Life – Testing His Father
12 And Jesus answered him, “It is said: Do not test the Lord your God.”
- Deuteronomy 6:16 -m Do not test the Lord your God as you tested Him at Massah.
13 After the Devil had finished every temptation, he departed from Him for a time.
14 Then Jesus returned to Galilee in the power of the Spirit, and news about Him spread throughout the entire vicinity. 15 He was teaching in their synagogues, being acclaimed by everyone. 
Matthew 1:1-17; 4:1-11
Luke 3:23 - 4:13
John 1:19 – 2:11
 The Holy Bible: Holman Christian standard version. (2009). (Mt 1:11). Nashville: Holman Bible Publishers.
 The Holy Bible: Holman Christian standard version. (2009). (Je 22:24–30). Nashville: Holman Bible Publishers.
 The Holy Bible: Holman Christian standard version. (2009). (Mt 1:16). Nashville: Holman Bible Publishers.
 The Holy Bible: Holman Christian standard version. (2009). (Is 7:14). Nashville: Holman Bible Publishers.
 The Holy Bible: Holman Christian standard version. (2009). (1 Jn 2:15–17). Nashville: Holman Bible Publishers.
 The Holy Bible: Holman Christian standard version. (2009). (Heb 4:15). Nashville: Holman Bible Publishers.
 The Holy Bible: Holman Christian standard version. (2009). (Dt 8:3). Nashville: Holman Bible Publishers.
 The Holy Bible: Holman Christian standard version. (2009). (Dt 6:16). Nashville: Holman Bible Publishers.
 The Holy Bible: Holman Christian standard version. (2009). (Lk 4:1–15). Nashville: Holman Bible Publishers.