Teacher: Rusty Kennedy
39 But He answered them, “An evil and adulterous generation demands a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. 40 For as Jonah was in the belly of the huge fish three days and three nights, so the Son of Man will be in the heart of the earth three days and three nights.
- The sign of resurrection
- Two witnesses in Jerusalem (Rev. 11:1-13)
- What if Jonah actually died and was resurrected?
- Which would be the greater miracle?
- Jonah 2 - 1 Jonah prayed to the Lord his God from inside the fish:
- I called to the Lord in my distress, and He answered me. I cried out for help in the belly of Sheol; You heard my voice.
- You threw me into the depths, into the heart of the seas, and the current overcame me. All Your breakers and Your billows swept over me.
4 But I said: I have been banished from Your sight, yet I will look once more toward Your holy temple.
- The waters engulfed me up to the neck; the watery depths overcame me; seaweed was wrapped around my head.
- I sank to the foundations of the mountains; the earth with its prison bars closed behind me forever! But You raised my life from the Pit, Lord my God!
- As my life was fading away, I remembered Yahweh. My prayer came to You, to Your holy temple. 8 Those who cling to worthless idols forsake faithful love, 9 but as for me, I will sacrifice to You with a voice of thanksgiving. I will fulfill what I have vowed. Salvation is from the Lord!
- Then the Lord commanded the fish, and it vomited Jonah onto dry land. 
- More importantly… Jesus’ whole ministry changed at this point.
- Previously it was to validate Jesus’ ministry as the Messiah… now:
- 1) Jesus began teaching in parables
- 2) Jesus did miracles in private
- All for the purpose of training the Twelve
41 The men of Nineveh will stand up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, because they repented at Jonah’s proclamation; and look—something greater than Jonah is here! 42 The queen of the south will rise up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, because she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and look—something greater than Solomon is here!
43 “When an unclean spirit comes out of a man, it roams through waterless places looking for rest but doesn’t find any. 44 Then it says, ‘I’ll go back to my house that I came from.’ And returning, it finds the house vacant, swept, and put in order. 45 Then off it goes and brings with it seven other spirits more evil than itself, and they enter and settle down there. As a result, that man’s last condition is worse than the first. That’s how it will also be with this evil generation.”
- The multitudes of Jews (under the leadership of the Pharisees) will be judged by the Gentiles at the Great White Throne Judgment.
- John the Baptist came to get things in order but the multitudes rejected him and the Messiah… only making things worse for them and this generation.
- 1.1 million Jews perished in 70 AD as the Temple was also destroyed.
- The Romans sent the Jews into exile and they have been scattered over the earth ever since.
Matthew 13:1-23 1 On that day Jesus went out of the house and was sitting by the sea. 2 Such large crowds gathered around Him that He got into a boat and sat down, while the whole crowd stood on the shore.
3 Then He told them many things in parables, saying: “Consider the sower who went out to sow. 4 As he was sowing, some seed fell along the path, and the birds came and ate them up. 5 Others fell on rocky ground, where there wasn’t much soil, and they sprang up quickly since the soil wasn’t deep. 6 But when the sun came up they were scorched, and since they had no root, they withered. 7 Others fell among thorns, and the thorns came up and choked them. 8 Still others fell on good ground and produced a crop: some 100, some 60, and some 30 times what was sown. 9 Anyone who has ears should listen!”
10 Then the disciples came up and asked Him, “Why do You speak to them in parables?”
- Parable – A means of communication where spiritual principles are taught by using analogies based on everyday occurrences.
- Kingdom of Heaven/God
- Matthew was writing to the Jews and Gods name was to holy to speak so he refers to “heaven”
- The kingdoms in Scripture:
- 1) Eternal Kingdom – Eternity past (creation) through eternity future – all inclusive
2) Spiritual Kingdom – All believers of all time
- 3) Mediators & Monarchies Kingdom – Judges, & Kings – Ended in 586 BC
- 4) Millenial Kingdom – Jesus reigns on earth for 1,000 years.
- 5) Mystery Kingdom – The Church – Acts 2 through the 2nd Coming.
- The mystery being that the Gentiles and the Jews have been made one through Christ.
You will listen and listen,
yet never understand;
and you will look and look,
yet never perceive.
15 For this people’s heart has grown callous;
their ears are hard of hearing,
and they have shut their eyes;
otherwise they might see with their eyes
and hear with their ears,
understand with their hearts
and turn back--
and I would cure them. x
16 “But your eyes are blessed because they do see, and your ears because they do hear! 17 For I assure you: Many prophets and righteous people longed to see the things you see yet didn’t see them; to hear the things you hear yet didn’t hear them.
18 “You, then, listen to the parable of the sower: 19 When anyone hears the word about the kingdom and doesn’t understand it, the evil one comes and snatches away what was sown in his heart. This is the one sown along the path. 20 And the one sown on rocky ground—this is one who hears the word and immediately receives it with joy. 21 Yet he has no root in himself, but is short-lived. When pressure or persecution comes because of the word, immediately he stumbles. 22 Now the one sown among the thorns—this is one who hears the word, but the worries of this age and the seduction of wealth choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful. 23 But the one sown on the good ground—this is one who hears and understands the word, who does bear fruit and yields: some 100, some 60, some 30 times what was sown.”
- This is the Church today.
Mark 4:26-29 - 26 “The kingdom of God is like this,” He said. “A man scatters seed on the ground; 27 he sleeps and rises —night and day, and the seed sprouts and grows—he doesn’t know how. 28 The soil produces a crop by itself—first the blade, then the head, and then the ripe grain on the head. 29 But as soon as the crop is ready, he sends for the sickle, because the harvest has come.”
- The Gospel has enough power on its own to grow.
- Amazing adventure
- Picture of Sophie Millard w/ veggies
Mark 4 1-34 1 Again He began to teach by the sea, and a very large crowd gathered around Him. So He got into a boat on the sea and sat down, while the whole crowd was on the shore facing the sea. 2 He taught them many things in parables, and in His teaching He said to them: 3 “Listen! Consider the sower who went out to sow. 4 As he sowed, this occurred: Some seed fell along the path, and the birds came and ate it up. 5 Other seed fell on rocky ground where it didn’t have much soil, and it sprang up right away, since it didn’t have deep soil. 6 When the sun came up, it was scorched, and since it didn’t have a root, it withered. 7 Other seed fell among thorns, and the thorns came up and choked it, and it didn’t produce a crop. 8 Still others fell on good ground and produced a crop that increased 30, 60, and 100 times what was sown.” 9 Then He said, “Anyone who has ears to hear should listen!”
10 When He was alone with the Twelve, those who were around Him asked Him about the parables. 11 He answered them, “The secret of the kingdom of God has been given to you, but to those outside, everything comes in parables 12 so that
they may look and look,
yet not perceive;
they may listen and listen,
yet not understand;
otherwise, they might turn back--
and be forgiven.”
13 Then He said to them: “Don’t you understand this parable? How then will you understand any of the parables? 14 The sower sows the word. 15 These are the ones along the path where the word is sown: when they hear, immediately Satan comes and takes away the word sown in them. 16 And these are the ones sown on rocky ground: when they hear the word, immediately they receive it with joy. 17 But they have no root in themselves; they are short-lived. When pressure or persecution comes because of the word, they immediately stumble. 18 Others are sown among thorns; these are the ones who hear the word, 19 but the worries of this age, the seduction of wealth, and the desires for other things enter in and choke the word, and it becomes unfruitful. 20 But the ones sown on good ground are those who hear the word, welcome it, and produce a crop: 30, 60, and 100 times what was sown.”
Luke 8:4-15 4 As a large crowd was gathering, and people were flocking to Him from every town, He said in a parable: 5 “A sower went out to sow his seed. As he was sowing, some fell along the path; it was trampled on, and the birds of the sky ate it up. 6 Other seed fell on the rock; when it sprang up, it withered, since it lacked moisture. 7 Other seed fell among thorns; the thorns sprang up with it and choked it. 8 Still other seed fell on good ground; when it sprang up, it produced a crop: 100 times what was sown.” As He said this, He called out, “Anyone who has ears to hear should listen!”
9 Then His disciples asked Him, “What does this parable mean?” 10 So He said, “The secrets of the kingdom of God have been given for you to know, but to the rest it is in parables, so that
Looking they may not see,
and hearing they may not understand.
11 “This is the meaning of the parable: The seed is the word of God. 12 The seed along the path are those who have heard and then the Devil comes and takes away the word from their hearts, so that they may not believe and be saved. 13 And the seed on the rock are those who, when they hear, welcome the word with joy. Having no root, these believe for a while and depart in a time of testing. 14 As for the seed that fell among thorns, these are the ones who, when they have heard, go on their way and are choked with worries, riches, and pleasures of life, and produce no mature fruit. 15 But the seed in the good ground—these are the ones who, having heard the word with an honest and good heart, hold on to it and by enduring, bear fruit.
 The Holy Bible: Holman Christian standard version. (2009). (Jon 2:1–10). Nashville: Holman Bible Publishers.
 The Holy Bible: Holman Christian standard version. (2009). (Mt 12:38–45). Nashville: Holman Bible Publishers.
 The Holy Bible: Holman Christian standard version. (2009). (Mk 4:1–20). Nashville: Holman Bible Publishers.
 The Holy Bible: Holman Christian standard version. (2009). (Lk 8:4–15). Nashville: Holman Bible Publishers.