Teacher: Rusty Kennedy
7 Therefore, so that I would not exalt myself, a thorn in the flesh was given to me, a messenger of Satan to torment me so I would not exalt myself. 8 Concerning this, I pleaded with the Lord three times to take it away from me. 9 But He said to me, “My grace is sufficient for you, for power is perfected in weakness.” Therefore, I will most gladly boast all the more about my weaknesses, so that Christ’s power may reside in me. 10 So I take pleasure in weaknesses, insults, catastrophes, persecutions, and in pressures, because of Christ. For when I am weak, then I am strong.
- Judaizers were Jewish Christians who believed, among other things, that a number of the ceremonial practices of the OT were still binding on the NT church.
- Following Paul’s successful campaign in Galatia, they insisted that Gentile converts to Christianity abide by certain OT rites, especially circumcision.
- They may have been motivated by a desire to avoid persecution from Jews who objected to their fraternizing with Gentiles.
- The Judaizers argued that Paul was not an authentic apostle and that out of a desire to make the message more appealing to Gentiles he had removed from the gospel certain legal requirements.
- Paul responded by clearly establishing his apostolic authority and thereby substantiating the gospel he preached.
- By introducing additional requirements for justification (e.g., works of the law) his adversaries had perverted the gospel of grace and, unless prevented, would bring Paul’s converts into the bondage of legalism.
- It is by grace through faith alone that people are saved, and it is by faith alone that they are to live out their new life in the freedom of the Spirit.
47 AD – 50 AD
Acts 13:4-14 - 4 Being sent out by the Holy Spirit, they came down to Seleucia, and from there they sailed to Cyprus. 5 Arriving in Salamis, they proclaimed God’s message in the Jewish synagogues. (to the Jews first) They also had John (John-Mark) as their assistant.
6 When they had gone through the whole island as far as Paphos, they came across a sorcerer, a Jewish false prophet named Bar-Jesus. 7 He was with the proconsul, Sergius Paulus, an intelligent man. This man summoned Barnabas and Saul and desired to hear God’s message. 8 But Elymas the sorcerer (this is the meaning of his name) opposed them and tried to turn the proconsul away from the faith.
9 Then Saul—also called Paul—filled with the Holy Spirit, stared straight at the sorcerer 10 and said, “You son of the Devil, full of all deceit and all fraud, enemy of all righteousness! Won’t you ever stop perverting the straight paths of the Lord? 11 Now, look! The Lord’s hand is against you. You are going to be blind, and will not see the sun for a time.” Suddenly a mist and darkness fell on him, and he went around seeking someone to lead him by the hand.
12 Then the proconsul, seeing what happened, believed and was astonished at the teaching about the Lord. (The Governor is Barnabas & Paul’s first recorded Gentile Conversion.)
13 Paul Saul (Jewish name) is now referred to as Paul (Greek name) and his companions set sail from Paphos and came to Perga in Pamphylia. John, however, left them and went back to Jerusalem. 14 They continued their journey from Perga and reached Antioch in Pisidia. On the Sabbath day they went into the synagogue and sat down.
Paul takes the lead from Barnabas (according to Luke’s writing).
Galatia - A large Roman province in Asia Minor, extending almost from the Black Sea to the Mediterranean through the mountains and plains of modern central Turkey. Galatia included the Phrygian town of Pisidian Antioch; not to be confused with Syrian Antioch
They dealt with a shipwreck (possibly), robbers and rivers in the mountains.
Paul was going to be more aggressive with his message to the Gentiles.
There John-Mark left them and turned back to Jerusalem, but they continued their journey through Perga to the Antioch in Pisidia (Turkey).
- They went to the synagogue on the Sabbath day and took their seats.
13 you know that previously I preached the gospel to you because of a physical illness. 14 You did not despise or reject me though my physical condition was a trial for you. On the contrary, you received me as an angel of God, as Christ Jesus Himself.
- Paul is “revolting” sick (Galatians 4:13-15) but still preached & they listened.
- On this occasion the Gospel of Jesus is well received. (Same message as Stephen’s)
- A week later it is rejected and Jews discounted his message due to his illness
- Paul and Barnabas are beaten and expelled from the district after a few months of ministering to the Gentiles.
Paul & Barnabas went on to Iconium . And the disciples continued to be full of joy and the Holy Spirit. Much the same thing happened at Iconium. But when a hostile movement arose from both Gentiles and Jews in collaboration with the authorities to insult and stone them, they got to know about it, fled to the Lycaonian cities of Lystra  and Derbe , and the surrounding countryside - and from there they continued to proclaim the Gospel.
(In Lystra, they heal a crippled man and are nearly worshipped as gods)
Then some Jews arrived from Antioch and Iconium and after turning the minds of the people against Paul they stoned him and dragged him out of the city thinking he was dead.
But while the disciples were gathered in a circle round him (including Timothy), Paul got up and walked back to the city (to get his belongings).
And the very next day he went out with Barnabas to Derbe, and when they had preached the Gospel to that city and made many disciples, they turned back to Lystra, Iconium and Antioch. They then crossed Pisidia and arrived in Pamphylia. They proclaimed their message in Perga and then went down to Attalia. From there they sailed back to Antioch (in Syria). When they arrived there they called the Church together and reported to them how greatly God had worked with them and how he had opened the door of faith for the Gentiles. And here at Antioch they spent a considerable time with the disciples.
Imagine taking away all your Bibles so you never had it to rely on and all you had was what we have taught for the last 18 months.
11 But when Cephas came to Antioch, I opposed him to his face because he stood condemned. 12 For he regularly ate with the Gentiles before certain men came from James. However, when they came, he withdrew and separated himself, because he feared those from the circumcision party. 13 Then the rest of the Jews joined his hypocrisy, so that even Barnabas was carried away by their hypocrisy. 14 But when I saw that they were deviating from the truth of the gospel, I told Cephas in front of everyone, “If you, who are a Jew, live like a Gentile and not like a Jew, how can you compel Gentiles to live like Jews?”
15 We who are Jews by birth and not “Gentile sinners” 16 know that no one is justified by the works of the law but by faith in Jesus Christ. And we have believed in Christ Jesus so that we might be justified by faith in Christ and not by the works of the law, because by the works of the law no human being will be justified. 17 But if we ourselves are also found to be “sinners” while seeking to be justified by Christ, is Christ then a promoter tof sin? Absolutely not! 18 If I rebuild the system I tore down, I show myself to be a lawbreaker. 19 For through the law I have died to the law, so that I might live for God. I have been crucified with Christ 20 and I no longer live, but Christ lives in me. The life I now live in the body, I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself for me. 21 I do not set aside the grace of God, for if righteousness comes through the law, then Christ died for nothing. 
Peter comes to Antioch and his hanging out with Jews and Gentiles.
Jerusalem hears about it and the Judaizers come to Antioch to confront Peter.
Peter stops hanging around the Gentiles. Then so does Barnabas. Confusion reigns.
Paul comes back and bust Peter’s chops.
Peter returns to Jerusalem and tells the Apostles of the incident and about the churches that have been established in Galatia with the Gentiles.
A group of Judaizers go to the four churches in Galatia:
- Jerusalem & the Apostles are the true authority (Paul is neither)
- Paul changed the Gospel given by the Apostles and adapted it for Gentiles
- Paul omits circumcision and the Law of Moses. His law free Gospel pleases man
- Peter is the leader and Paul publicly rebuked him
- Paul preaches circumcision to the Jews but not the Gentiles
The Church in Galatia writes Paul in Antioch and asks them why he didn’t tell them the whole Gospel.
Paul pens Galatians: Justification & Sanctification are by grace through faith and not through works of the Law.
 The Holy Bible: Holman Christian standard version. (2009). (2 Co 12:7–10). Nashville: Holman Bible Publishers.
 The Holy Bible: Holman Christian standard version. (2009). (Ac 13:4–14). Nashville: Holman Bible Publishers.
 The Holy Bible: Holman Christian standard version. (2009). (Ga 4:13–15). Nashville: Holman Bible Publishers.
 The Holy Bible: Holman Christian standard version. (2009). (Ga 2:11–21). Nashville: Holman Bible Publishers.